Supplement and Drug list

A

Advantage II for Cats – A topical flea control containing Imidacloprid and Pyriproxyfen. NOT recommended for use with pet skunks.  

AmitriptylineElavil is a tricyclic depressant used to treat anxiety or behavioral disorders in pets. Not widely used for pet skunks so not much information available.

 

B

Brewer’s Yeast – Brewer’s yeast is made from a one-celled fungus called Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is used to make beer.  Sometimes paired with garlic as a natural flea treatment.  NOT recommended for use with pet skunks.    

C

Chlorella – Chlorella is a fresh water, single-celled algae of which there are several species. Chlorella vulgaris and chlorella pyrenoidosa are the most studied. Research comparing the two  indicates that chlorella pyrenoidosa has a higher concentration of nutrients. Chlorella pyrenoidosa also has a higher concentration of the unique chlorella growth factor (CGF).  It provides powerful support for tissue renewal, detoxification and immune health. See PetSpan for more information.

 

Colostrum – A substance produced by the mammary glands before milk that is the first meal of all mammals. Colostrum contains many healthful components that work together in perfect balance, including immune factors that both strengthen and balance the immune system, and natural growth factors that repair damaged body cells. Useful for kits that were removed from their mom too soon, any sick skunk and the senior skunk. Synertek and Symbiotics are good brands.

 

Concentrace – Trace mineral drops used to maintain healthy bones, joints and teeth in pet skunks. Can be used to re-mineralize water according to the label or add two drops to the food daily per each 5 lbs of weight.

 

D

DE – Diatomaceous Earth. Food grade Diatomaceous Earth can be added to the skunk’s food as a trace mineral supplement or as a natural de-wormer. Dose is ½ teaspoon to 1 teaspoon per day.  It can be used externally for control of fleas or mites. Apply from the neck down and do not get in their eyes or allow them to inhale the powder.  Make sure DE is food grade, no other kind is safe.  If given for treatment of MBD, Vitamin D must be provided from either food or supplements and a diet containing magnesium rich foods.

 

Denamarin Active ingredients are S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) and silybin. Silybin is an active part of an extract from milk thistle, known as silymarin, and has been shown to support liver function.

 

Denosyl Contains SAMe (S-Adenosylmethionine) to support liver health.

Depo Medrol Methylprednisolone acetate, an anti-inflammatory steroid  for intramuscular injection. Steroids should be used with great caution with pet skunks under strict veterinary supervision.

Dexamethasone a strong anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressing drug.  A corticosteroid which acts on the immune system by blocking the production of substances that trigger inflammatory and immune responses. Steroids should be used with great caution with pet skunks under strict veterinary supervision.

Digoxin Brand names are Cardoxin, and Lanoxin. A cardiac glycoside prescribed by veterinarians for the treatment of heart disease such as congestive heart failure, heart rhythm abnormalities, and dilated cardiomyopathy. It is often used in conjunction with other drugs like diuretics and ACE inhibitors.

Droncit Praziquantel for the removal of tapeworms caused by Dipylidium caninum and Taenia taeniaeformis in skunks that are at least 8 weeks old.

Duralactin Contains MicroLactin, a patented dried milk protein from the milk of hyperimmunized cows. MicroLactin blocks cytokines to inhibit neutrophil participation in the inflammatory response which reduces inflammation and helps prevent subsequent tissue damage caused by excess neutrophil infiltration. Used to reduce chronic inflammation at the cellular level and functions without gastro-intestinal irritation. Duralactin is ideal for the management of chronic inflammation where neutrophils are known to participate.

 

E

 

Enzymes – Food or supplements providing protein molecules that assists other organic molecules enter into chemical reactions, such as digestion,  but is itself, unaffected by these reactions. Acts as catalysts for organic biochemical reactions.

Evict or Evict Double Strength – See Strongid.  Also known as  Nemex and Pyrantel Pomoate.

F

FenbendazoleSame as Panacur.

Flouroquinolone –  A broad spectrum family of antibiotics that are derivatives of quinolone used as antibacterial drugs. Baytril (Enrofloxacin), Noroxin (Norfloxacin), Cipro (ciprofloxacin), Orbax (orbifloxacin), Advocin (danofloxacin), Difloxy or Dicural (difloxacin), Zeniquin (marbofloxacin), Rosoxacin (acrosoxacin) and any other flouroquinilone antibiotic. NOT recommended for use with pet skunks. Skunks have died from liver failure after receiving flouroquinolone antibiotics.

G

 

H

 

I

Ivermectin – A broad spectrum, anti-parasite medication NOT recommend for use with pet skunks. There is limited information available about the usage of Ivermectin for pet skunks and what if any is a safe dose. Some owners have reported reaction that range from mild to severe.

J

 

K

 

L

M

 

MetacamAn NSAID pain releiver NOT recomended for use with skunks. Generic is Meloxicam also NOT recommended. There have been a large number of deaths in pet skunks given this medicine.  Older skunks are particularly at risk.

N

Nemex – See Strongid.  Also known as Evict, Evict Double Strength and Pyrantel Pomoate.

 

NSAIDNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is a class of analgesic medication that reduces pain, fever and inflammation.  Side effects of NSAIDs include stomach ulcers and kidney and platelet dysfunction. Metacam and it’s generic Meloxicam are often prescribed for dogs. It has been associated with renal failure and sudden death in cats.  Metacam, Meloxicam and other NSAID pain relievers are NOT recommended for pet skunks. There have been a large number of deaths in pet skunks given this medicine.  Older skunks are particularly at risk.

 

O

 

Osteo Immune Factors – A supplement specifically for pet skunk bone, joint or immune issues. Commonly used for adult skunks with MBD,  arthritis or herniated discs.

P

PanacurFenbendazole, a de-wormer used for skunks 4 pounds and larger. Panacur comes in liquid and granules called Panacur C. The liquid is dosed at 25 mg/lbs  or (50 mg/kg) and given for 3 consecutive days. After 2 weeks, repeat for 3 consecutive days. The granules are dosed by 1 gram packets for skunks 5 to 10 pounds, or 2 grams packet for skunks over 10 pounds, given for 3 consecutive days. After 2 weeks, repeat for 3 consecutive days. In extreme cases, the Veterinarian may want to give for 5 consecutive days.

 

PetSpan – A chlorella supplement from 100% pure premium grade chlorella pyrenoidosa. PetSpan is used most often to support the liver and kidneys or skunks with cancer. It is also used in cases the skunk’s fur is discolored from parasites or poor diet.

 

Praziquantel Droncit for the removal of tapeworms caused by Dipylidium caninum and Taenia taeniaeformis in skunks that are at least 8 weeks old.

 

Probiotics – Food or supplements providing live microorganisms that are believed to provide health benefits for humans and animals when consumed.

 

Pyrantel Pomoate – See Strongid.  Also known as Evict, Evict Double Strength and Nemex.

Q

Quinolone – A class of synthetic antimicrobial agents.  See Flouroquinolone.

R

 

S

 

Spirulina – Spirulina is a simple, one-celled organism belonging to the cyanobacteria family that can be consumed by humans and other animals. Spirulina is rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, carotenoids, and antioxidants that can help protect cells from damage. It is nutrient dense, including B complex vitamins, beta-carotene, Vitamin E, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, selenium, and gamma linolenic acid (an essential fatty acid). It is important to buy a trusted brand because blue-green algae  can be contaminated with toxic substances called microcystins and absorb  heavy metals from the water where it is grown. Spirulina is used for pet skunks to replace the algae a wild skunk would get from water. Phycocyanin, a phytonutrient in spirulina, has been shown to stimulate the production of blood cells making it useful for anemic skunks.  Dosage for adult skunks  is 500 mg once a day. Dosage for kits is 200 mg per day.

 

Strongid – Pyrantel pamoate, a dewormer used to kill roundworms and hookworms in pet skunks. It is not effective against hookworms or tapeworms.  When the skunk reaches 5 pounds or more, Panacur is a better choice. Dosage for pet skunks is 2.5 to 5 mg per pound or (5 to 10 mg/kg). Repeat after 3 weeks. Also known as Evict, Evict Double Strength and Nemex.

Support Factors – Pet Skunk Support Factors is a multi vitamin/mineral, enzyme, and fatty acid supplement that is specifically used with a species appropriate diet,  to meet the nutritional needs of the pet skunk.

T

U

 

V

 

Vinegar – Skunks are chemically sensitive. White vinegar can be used in the place of chemical cleaners or expensive natural cleaners. It can also used to clean up potty mistakes kits and sometimes adult skunks make.

Apple Cider Vinegar can be added in small amounts to the skunk’s drinking water.  It is reported to help with digestive issues by acidifying the gastrointestinal tract and promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria. Make sure you only choose an Apple Cider Vinegar that is raw and unpasteurized. Bragg’s is a good brand.

W

 

X

 

Y

Yeast – Nutritional yeast can be used like a condiment on the skunk’s food.  Bragg’s Nutritional Yeast or Red Star Yeast are popular brands. It a good source of B Vitamins and selenium. Very helpful for the skunk in congestive heart failure. It has a cheese like taste and is often used to get a skunk interested in a food it may not want to eat. Sprinkle ½ teaspoon to 1 teasoon per day. Do not confuse with Brewer’s yeast which is NOT recommend to give to  pet skunks and may be a kidney irritant.
Z